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Umrah and Hajj Guide


Quranic Verses and Hadith about Hajj
“And, Pilgrimage to the House is a duty on mankind to Allaah for those who can find a way there.” Noble Quran 3:197


It was narrated in al-Saheehayn that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever performs Hajj and does not utter obscenities or commit sin, will come back as on the day when his mother bore him.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1521; Muslim, 1350.


The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “From one ‘Umrah to the next is an expiation for whatever (sins) came between them, and for an accepted Hajj there is no reward but Paradise.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1773; Muslim, 1349.


Hajj and other righteous deeds are means of expiation for sins, if a person does them in the manner prescribed in the Shariah. The majority of scholars are of the view that righteous deeds only expiate for minor sins; with regard to major sins it is essential to repent. They quote as evidence for this view the Hadith narrated by Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The five daily Salah’s, from one Jumu’ah to the next and from one Ramadan to the next, expiate for whatever (sins) come in between them, so long as you avoid major sins.” Narrated by Muslim, 1/209.


Before Going Hajj

  • A person should be aware that an accepted Hajj will remove all sins. One should make a sincere repentance before going by asking Allaah for forgiveness and that he/she hopes that this journey will change them for the good.
  • Ask for pardon and forgiveness from relatives and others for wrong doings that may have hurt them.
  • A practice prior to the Hajj journey is that one should go to the mosque and ask people for their forgiveness as one may not return from Hajj.
  • One should settle and pay off their debts before going. One should make a special arrangement with those people with whom a debt is owed which indicates how and when they will be paid back.
  • Write a Will and leave it with family members.

Acts done at Home – Before Assuming Ihram

  • Remove unwanted under arm and pubic hair (men and woman).
  • Trim the moustache and grow the beard.
  • Take a shower before assuming the Intention of Ihram to appear clean and be pure.
    The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to take a shower with the intention of performing Ghusl prior to assuming the intention of Ihram, prior to entering Makkah and prior to going to Arafah.
  • Put fragrance onto one’s body when having a shower. (this is for men only and women are not to do this because they will be in the public).

This is recommended for a man because Aisha (may Allaah be pleased with her) used to apply fragrance to the body of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) before assuming Ihram.

  • Wear the 2 white garments of Ihram. The garment around the waist is called Izaar; the garment around the top of the body is called Ridaa. This will remind us about the day we were born and the day when we die. The Izaar must cover a man from the belly button to the knees.
  • After wearing the Ihram, both shoulders must be covered at all times except for certain acts of worship. So during praying, walking in the street etc both shoulders must be covered.
  • Women : A woman wears her everyday clothing which is clean, pure, not attractive, not perfumed. The women in the Ihram must have her face and hands uncovered because this is her Ihram.
    This is even for women who usually wear the full niqab and gloves. When in a position whereby a women walks past strange men she should take her head covering and use it to cover her face – this is obligatory for her.

Prohibitions whilst in Ihram

  • Removing Hair or Cutting Nails (if some hair falls accidently then one is excused).
  • Using Scent on the body or on the clothing
  • Wearing Shoes. The ankles must be uncovered for men. Women can wear regular footwear.
  • Hurting Land Animals.
  • Cutting or Uprooting trees.
  • Picking up lost property except to announce its discovery.
  • No Marital Intercourse or anything than can lead to it.
  • A man cannot cover his head with Ihram garment or any other head gear.
  • Cannot wear anything under the 2 garments of Ihram.
  • Arguing, Swearing, Lying and Being Mischievous.
  • Women : in Ihram cannot wear burka, gloves or niqab. The women covers her head with part of her head cover when in the presences of non-mahram men (it becomes compulsory for her to do this).

Permissions whilst in Ihram

  • After putting on your Ihram you are allowed to take them off to clean them.
  • If a person is in the state of Ihram he is allowed to take them off and take a shower or bath when needed (if hair comes out unintentionally then one is excused).
  • You are even allowed to change your Ihram clothes and put on 2 new garments if necessary.
  • Wear a Watch, Glasses, Ring, Belt, Sandals.
  • Shade oneself under an umbrella or ceiling is allowed. Men are not allowed to cover the head with anything that will make direct contact to the head (i.e. hat, Ihram garment).
  • Carry baggage (even on one’s head).

Setting out for Makkah from Home
Read this Dua when leaving home your home :

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised those going out of their houses to say, “I begin with the name of Allaah, in Whom I have placed my trust. Movement or power are impossible, except with Allaah.” [Abu Dawood, Nisai, Tirmidhi : authentic]

Read this Dua when Getting into a Car or on a Plane :

On starting a journey the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would say 3 times, “Allaah is the Greatest” then, “Glory to Allaah Who has subdued this (vehicle) for us, which we were unable to do. Indeed our return is to our Lord! O Allaah! I ask You for piety and actions that lead to piety and which are pleasing to You. O Allaah! Make this journey easy and reduce its length. O Allaah! You are the Companion of the journey, the Protector of my family. O Allaah! I ask for Your protection from the hardship of travel, from a scene of distress and grief and from any harm to my family and wealth.” [Muslim]

  • Read this Dua when you change plane or stop at a service station :


The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised the traveller who stops at a place during his journey to say, “I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allaah from the evil He has created.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that anyone who says so then nothing would harm that person until he departs from the place. [Muslim]

  • Read this Dua when you arrive at a city you were visiting (i.e. Makkah) :


Whenever the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wished to visit a town he would say on seeing it, “Oh Allaah! Lord of the seven skies and whatever they cover! Lord of the seven earths and whatever they carry, Lord of the seven devils and those they have misguided! Lord of the winds and what they blow away. I ask You (to give us) the goodness of this town, its people and whatever is in it (and) I take protection with You from the evil of this town, its people and whatever else is in it.” [Al-Haakim : authentic]


Different Types of Hajj
There are 3 different types of Hajj :

  • Ifrad:  Hajj alone (animal not required to be sacrificed)
  • Qiran:  Umrah and Hajj together without a gap in between (i.e. you wear the same Ihram for both without taking it off) - (animal must be sacrificed)
  • Tamattu

 

Umrah followed by Hajj separately with a gap in between (animal must be sacrificed)
For Hajj Tamattu – you perform Umrah during the months of Hajj. Then you cut or shave your hair and take off the Ihram. You then make a new intention for Hajj and then wear the Ihram for Hajj on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.   Hajj Tamattu is the most   easiest and the most.


The Intention for Hajj Tamattu when arriving at the Miqat

  • The Miqat is a place designated by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) where one must not pass unless he/she is in the state of Ihram.
  • One must make the Intention for Umrah or Hajj before passing the Miqat point
  • If passing the Miqat whilst on a plane – make the intention as soon as the pilot makes the announcement for reaching the Miqat.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) assumed the intention of Ihram after he prayed. It is recommended to pray first whether it be an obligation Salah or a voluntary Salah (Sunnah) and then make the intention of the Ihram and recite Talbiyah afterwards. You don’t have to make a special 2 rakah Sunnah Salah before putting on the Ihram (this is not a requirement for Ihram).
  • The intention of Ihram is always followed by Talbiyah which means answering the call of Allaah. For example, say the intention of Umrah with break for Hajj (Tamattu) and then say Labayk Allaahuma Labayk. Labbayk la shareeka laka Labbayk. Innal hamda wan ni’mata laka wal mulk. La shareeka lak (Talbiyah).
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that when someone is making Talbiyah then everything around him (trees, stones etc) are also making Talbiyah as well.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that the best Hajj is one where the Talbiyah is said out loud (by men only). The women do it opposite and they only say the Talbiyah so they can hear their own voices only.
  • The intention for Umrah should be said after wearing the 2 white garments.
  • Pilgrims performing the Hajj Tamattu should make the intention for Umrah when approaching the Miqat. The intention here should be for Umrah. The pilgrim should say:

لَبَّيْكَ عُمْرَةً     “I answer your call with ‘Umrah”
( Pilgrims can also say instead : Labbayk Allaahuma Umrah Mutamattiam Biha ilal Hajj – “Here I come to you Allaah to perform Umrah and then enjoy the break till the performance of Hajj” )

  • After making the intention. The pilgrim should keep himself / herself busy with the Talbiyah :

 

“Here I am at Your service O Lord, here I am. Here I am. There is no partner to You. Here I am. Truly, all praise and favour is Yours, as well as all Dominion. There is no partner to You.” [Bukhari]

    • Men should say this aloud, while women should say it quietly. Repeat this Talbiyah frequently, and engage in the praise of Allaah and in supplications for forgiveness.

Order for Umrah:      1. Ihram     2. Tawwaf   3. Sa’ee    4. Shaving Hair


Reaching Makkah

  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would make Ghusl before entering Makkah.
  • Recite Talbiyah as much as possible until you see the Kaaba.
  • Do not recite Talbiyah when inside Masjid Haram and during Tawwaf.
  • Drop off luggage to hotel room
  • Do fresh Wudu if necessary.

 


Entering the Holy Mosque
  • Enter with the Right Foot and Say : بسم الله اللهم صل علي محمد اللهم افتحلي ابواب رحمتك
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised those who entered any mosque to say, “I begin with the name of Allaah. O Allaah! Send peace and mercy on Muhammad. O Allaah! Open the doors of Your mercy for me.” [Muslim, Ibn As-Sunni : authentic]

Leaving the Holy Mosque

  • Leave with the Left Foot and Say : بسم الله اللهم صل علي محمد اللهم اني أسئلك من فضلكThe Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised those who exited any mosque to say, “I begin with the name of Allaah. O Allaah! Send peace and mercy on Muhammad. O Allaah I ask You for Your bounty.” [Muslim, Ibn As-Sunni : authentic]

 


Seeing the Kaaba
  • When seeing the Kaaba the pilgrim can raise his / her hands if they wants to (as is established from Ibn Abbas – may Allaah be pleased with him).
  • There is no specific Dua established from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) at this point. So the pilgrim may make any Dua he / she wishes. Or one can make the Dua which is established from Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) :

“O Allaah, You are the source of peace and from You comes peace, exalted You are, 0 Lord of Majesty and Honor ".

  • After seeing the Kaaba one can say: Allaahu Akbar.
  • Every Salah in the Haram is equal to 100,000 Salah’s anywhere else. This also includes Salaatul Janazah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that if you offer Salaatul Janazah for any deceased who is a Muslim then you will receive a reward equal to the mount of Uhud.

About the Tawwaf

  • Arrival Tawwaf is called : Tawwaf al Qudoom.
  • There are 7 Rounds for the Tawwaf.
  • This Tawwaf must be done by one’s self (i.e. you cannot appoint somebody to do it for you).
  • After entering Makkah, make Tawwaf around the Kaaba.
  • Requirements for Tawwaf are the same as Salah but in Tawwaf a person can speak to other people (i.e. asking what time is it, what round are we on).
  • The main requirement for Tawwaf is Tahara (purity) from both minor and major impurities.
  • One must be in the state of Wudu for Tawwaf.
  • During Tawwaf it is very important to cover the aura (this should be done at all times).
  • The beginning and end point of the Tawwaf starts and ends at the Black Stone.
  • The rounds have to be around the outside of the Kaaba (and outside the Hateem which is part of the Kaaba).
  • If the Iqama is called for Salah. You stop your Tawwaf and you pray your Salah. As soon as the Salah is over. You continue with your Tawwaf and where you left of.
  • It is recommended to not only point with the right hand but to kiss the Black Stone without making a kissing noise (silent kiss). It is also recommended that when kissing the Black Stone to put your forehead and nose onto it which is similar to making Sujud.
  • Touch the Yemani Corner with the right hand. If you can’t reach it with your right hand then you pass without even pointing at it (you must not kiss it). The Yemani Corner and the Black Stone are from the old structure of the Kaaba.
  • While performing Tawwaf you should supplicate with any Dua you know. There is no set Dua. One can say SubhanAllaah, Alhamdulillah, Allaahu Akbar
  • If you forget the number of Tawwaf you have completed then you go to the lower number and then complete your Tawwaf (the same ruling applies in Salah).
  • If your Wudu breaks. You should pause immediately and make Wudu and then it is better if you start the entire Tawwaf again.
  • When making Tawwaf always try and be on the bottom level. If you cannot do Tawwaf on the bottom floor then you can do Tawwaf on other floors but it is best to always aim to do it on the bottom floor.
  • To leave the Tawwaf follow the pilgrims around and then get out. Don’t go in the opposite way.

Performing the Arrival Tawwaf

  • Make 7 Rounds around the Kaaba.
  • Begin the Tawwaf at the Black Stone and utter the Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar).
  • While making the Tawwaf invoke Allaah with as much as possible and make supplications to Him.
  • Between the Yemani Corner and the Black Stone the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to supplicate saying:   

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
 “Our Lord give us good in this world, and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the torment of the Fire.” [Surah al-Baqarah v201]

  • It was the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) Sunnah to read the above Dua on all 7 rounds between the Yemani Corner and the Black Stone.
  • It is Sunnah for a man to do Al-Idtibah during the Arrival Tawwaf for all 7 rounds. This is to expose his right shoulder, and to put the middle of the upper garment of his Ihraam underneath his right arm and their two ends on his left shoulder.
  • It is Sunnah for a man to do Ar-Raml during the Arrival Tawwaf for the first 3 rounds only. This is to walk briskly (i.e. quickly and in short paces). This is because when the Muslims came to perform Umrah after the treaty of Hudaybiyah, The Makkans were watching to see if the Muslims who were ill and those coming with fever were able to perform the Umrah and how they were. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered the Muslims to uncover their right shoulders and walk briskly for the first 3 rounds to show the Makkans the strength of the Muslims.
  • Al-Idtibah is for Men only. When a man does Al-Idtibah he should wait for the female pilgrims
  • During the Tawwaf if you are unable to kiss the Black Stone. Then Point with your right hand and say ‘Bismillah Allaahu Akbar’.
  • Al-Idtibah and Ar-Raml are only for the Arrival Tawwaf.
  • Al-Idtibah (uncovering the right shoulder) and Ar-Raml (brisk walking) are Mustahab acts (recommended) but if you do not do them then they don’t affect the validity of the Tawwaf. During Hajj it will get busy so you need to pretend so that it looks like you are doing Raml as it will be difficult to do it properly.
  • If you have memorised verses from the Quran or supplications from the Quran or Sunnah then it is recommended for you to read these.
  • After completing the 7 rounds, pray 2 Rakah Salaah behind the Station of Ibrahim (Maqaameh Ibrahim) if it is possible, even if you are a little far away from it. Otherwise pray at any other place within the Sacred Masjid.
  • In the first rakah of this Sunnah Salah after Tawwaf recite Surah Kafiroon. In the second rakah recite Surah Ikhlas.
  • The Maqaameh Ibrahim contains a stone which has the foot print of Prophet Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). When he was constructing the Kaaba with the assistance of his son Ismaeel (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). As the building was getting higher he needed a stone to step on. The stone was kept as it contains both his feet. This is a sign and it is forbidden to touch it or going there to specifically making Dua.
  • After performing your 2 rakah Salaah. You should drink from the Zam Zam Water which is located near to the Kaaba. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that drinking the Zam Zam water is with whatever intention you drink it with. For example, If you drink it with the intention to get better then that is what you will get, Insha’Allaah. If you are drinking with the intention to get rich then you will get this if you are sincere in your believe in Allaah.
  • It is better to make a Dua / Intention when drinking the Zam Zam water. You can make as many different Duas / Intentions as you want
  • A person drinking Zam Zam water should intend and hope for healing, blessings and whatever is best for him in this life and in the hereafter. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “The water of Zam Zam is (good) for whatever it is intended.”
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said: “The best water on earth is the water of Zam Zam. It is food for the hungry, and a healing for the sick.” (Al-Mundhri said that the chain of narrators of this hadith is sound).
  • It is desirable that one should drink Zam Zam water in 3 go’s, face the Qiblah, drink as much as possible, Praise, Thank and Supplicate to Allaah as Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him) did
  • Drink Zam Zam water until your full as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said.
  • One can read the following Dua which was supplicated by Abdullah ibn Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him) before he drank the Zam Zam water
“Oh Allaah, I ask of You beneficial knowledge, abundant provision, and a cure from all disease.”

 

Sa’ee

  • This is the third pillar of Umrah.
  • This must be performed after Tawwaf. You can’t do Sa’ee first then Tawwaf – you must stick to the correct order.
  • Sa’ee is walking between the Mounts of Safaa and Marwah with the Intention of performing Ibadah (it is an act of worship).
  • The Story of Sa’ee is that Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took his wife (Hagar) and son (Ismaeel) to Makkah on the command of Allaah. He was commanded to leave his wife and son in Makkah (which was a desert in those days) to answer the call of Allaah. He left his wife and child with little provisions and when these provisions ran out, his wife was running back and forth to find water to drink for her and her son. She ran between the hills of Safaa and Marwah 7 times and would then climb on top of the mountain to try and locate provisions. On the 7th trip, Allaah sent Angel Gabriel who hit the ground underneath and then water starting gushing out (Zam Zam water). Hagar was a very pious believing woman whom Allaah honoured and since that event for centuries Muslims have been following her tradition / practice.
  • After completing the Tawwaf and drinking the Zam Zam water. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) proceeded to the mount of Safaa and ascended it. You do not need to climb the actual rocky part of the Mount. It is sufficient to simply ascend the paved slope (i.e. the foot of the Mount).
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ascended onto Mount Safaa until he was able to see the Kaaba. He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) then faced the Kaaba and he recited the following Quranic Verse from Surah Baqarah (v158).
  • You should then read the following Verse once only from Surah Baqarah:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ لْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ
“Surely, the Safaa and Marwah are among the Symbols of Allaah. So he who performs the Hajj to the House of Allaah, or the ‘Umrah, it is no sin on him to make the walk between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then certainly Allaah is Thankful, Knowing.” [Surah al-Baqarah v158 (

  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) then said: “Nabda'u bima bada'Allaahu bihi (We begin with what Allaah began with)”. This is in reference to the Quranic Verse from Surah Baqarah in which Mount Safaa is mentioned before Mount Marwah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) began his Sa’ee by climbing Mount Safaa first then Mount Marwah.
  • After saying these 2 Duas. Then you should face the Kaaba, praise Allaah, raising your hand in the way done when making Dua, and then say the Takbeer (La ila ha ilal la WAllaahu Akbar) 3 times. Then make supplication to Allaah, repeating your supplication 3 times, as is the Sunnah. Then say:

لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْـدَهُ لاَ شَـرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الملْـكُ وَلَهُ الحَمْـدُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْرٌ. لاَ إِلهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ, أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ، وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ, وَهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ
 “There is no god worthy of worship except Allaah, Who is without partner. His is all Dominion and His is all Praise, and He has Power over everything. There is no god worthy of worship except alone. He fulfilled His promise, supported His slave, and defeated the parties (of the unbelievers) alone.” [Sahih Muslim]

  • It is preferable to utter the above 2 supplications 3 times when you have ascended Mount Safaa and Mount Marwah, but there is no harm in saying it less than that.
  • After reciting the above 2 supplications 3 times each. A pilgrim should raise his hands and ask Allaah for whatever needs he /she wants Allaah to fulfil. They should  ask for forgiveness, pray for loved ones, his family, themselves, the Muslim Ummah, etc
  • Once you have done this on Mount Safaa, you descend the Mount and then you make your way to Mount Marwah. When you reach Mount Marwah, you face the Kaaba and you repeat these supplications. You don’t recite the Quranic verse (v158) it is only for the first time. It is not necessary to climb the Mount. The Prophet  (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) climbed the Mounts of Safaa and Marwah until he got old and was unable to.
  • It is required that you make 7 rounds (Mount Safaa to Mount Marwah is one round - coming back from Mount Marwah to Mount Safaa is one round). Once you have reached Mount Marwah on the final round then your Sa’ee is finished.
  • It is always recommended to do Wudu but it is not necessary for Sa’ee. Tahara is not a requirement for Sa’ee because when Aisha (May Allaah be pleased with her) started her menses the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) instructed her to perform all the acts of worship that the Hajee’s will do except the Tawwaf. Tahara is a requirement for Tawwaf.
  • Men are recommended to increase their pace between the 2 green markers, but otherwise walk at a normal pace before and after the green markers.
  • Whilst performing Sa’ee one should keep busy with the remembrance of Allaah. There is no specific Dua that one should read. You may recite Quran, Istighfar, etc.
  • In Sa’ee you can say the following Dua: “Rabbighfir warham innaka antal a'azzul akram” (O Lord forgive and have mercy, verily You are the Most Mighty, Most Noble). There is no harm in saying this Dua as it is authentically reported from a group of the Salaf.
  • One is permissible to take a break if he/she feels tired. There is also Zam Zam water available.
  • It is reported that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to perform Sa’ee between Mount Safaa and Marwah, and whenever he had to answer the call of nature, he would stop, relieve himself, make ablution, and then go back and resume his Sa’ee (reported by Sa’id bin Mansur) because the continuity in Sa’ee is not required.
  • There is no uncovering of the right shoulder for Sa’ee.
  • If a man is going with a female companion, he can run between the markers and then can wait for her.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood on the Mount Safaa and Marwah, faced the Kaaba and made Dua.
  • There is no Dua at Mount Marwah on the 7th round.

Shaving or Removing Hair

  • This is the final stage of the Umrah.
  • When the pilgrim finishes the 7th round upon Mount Marwah he/she shortens the hair.
  • One needs to shave the hair (you are also permitted to trim the hair). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed more times for the one who shaved his head.
  • Women only need to cut a small portion of their hair (1cm of hair).
  • After removing hair – one has exited the state of Ihram. The restrictions of Ihram are lifted (i.e. put on regular clothes, put on perfume, have martial relations etc). This is why Hajj Tamattu is recommended.
  • Take of the Ihram if you are doing Hajj Tamattu.
  • If you are performing Hajj Tamattu and then you want to do more Umrah’s (after completing your arrival Umrah) then it is recommended that you don’t because the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) practice was that when he came for Hajj he would perform the arrival Umrah and no umrah in between until Hajj and then he would complete the Hajj.
  • It is not prohibited for you to complete additional Umrah’s but it is better that you don’t because this adds more congestion and makes it difficult for others to complete their arrival umrah as they enter Makkah. If you want to perform additional Umrah then you need to exit from the Haram, go to an appointed place for the people of Makkah (which is At-Tan’een which is nowadays known as Masjid Aisha), assume Ihram and complete the Umrah rites. This is the place where Aisha’s (may Allaah be pleased with her) menses started
  • Scholars say that you need to leave a couple of days in between the Umrah’s because you want the hair to grow back or you could trim the hair and not shave it on the additional Umrah’s.
  • If you are doing Hajj Tamattu, then it is preferable to shorten your hair, so that you leave the shaving of the hair for the actual Hajj.

Order for Hajj
8th Dhul Hijjah – Day of Tarwiyyah
9th Dhul Hijjah – Day of Arafah
10th Dhul Hijjah – Day of Eid
11th Dhul Hijjah – Days of Tashreek
12th Dhul Hijjah - Days of Tashreek

13th Dhul Hijjah - Days of Tashreek

Obligations for Hajj
There are three obligatory acts without which Hajj is invalid. These are:

  • Ihram
  • Wuquf-e-Arafah (standing at Arafah)
  • Tawaf-al-Ifadah (or Tawaf-e-Ziyarat)

8th Dhul Hijjah

  • This is the day where the activities of the Hajj Begin.
  • This is the day where pilgrims assume the Ihram for Hajj. They came to Makkah to perform Hajj Tamattu and have performed Umrah and were enjoining the break between Umrah and Hajj.
  • Pray Fajr Salah in the morning in Jamaat before making the Intention for Hajj or assuming Ihram.
  • If you are performing Hajj Tamattu, you should make Ihraam for Hajj from your residence in Makkah (because you have previously made Ihraam for Umrah from the Miqat through which you came to Makkah). You do not need to go to the Miqat Boundary.
  • Perform Ghusl (a complete bath of purification, as one would take after sexual intercourse), perfume yourself, if possible, and put on the 2 garments of Ihram. After putting on your Ihram, make your Niyyah (intention).
  • Pilgrims renew their intention by making a new intention for Hajj: لَبَّيْكَ حَجاI answer your call with Hajj
  • Or you can say: Labayk Allaahuma Hajjan, La riya a feehee wala Summa (“Oh Allaah here we come to you to perform Hajj, Without showing off sincerely to you”)
  • After putting on the Ihram – you start saying the Talbiyah. You say the Talbiyah when you get on the bus, in the elevator, up the hill, down the hill [say it everywhere]. It is very rewarding to remind others to say it as well.
  • Men say the Talbiyah loud (women say it in a low voice).
  • The Talbiyah is :
Here I am at Your service O Lord, here I am. Here I am. There is no partner to You. Here I am. Truly, all praise and favour is Yours, as well as all Dominion. There is no partner to You.[Bukhari
  • Pilgrims doing Hajj Qiran and Hajj Ifrad – don’t need to renew their intention as they are already in Ihram.
  • You pray Fajr Payer in Makkah and then after assuming the intention of Ihram you move to Mina.
  • Mina is a place of no luxuries and everybody will sleep on the floor and live in tents feeling the same and equal. This is one of the aims of Hajj where it makes everybody feel equal to one another.
  • You will get to pray your regular Salah’s at Mina. These are Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha. You pray them at their regular stated times but you Shorten the 4 Rakah Salaah’s to 2 Rakah’s (i.e. Zuhr, Asr and Isha become 2 Rakah). Maghrib and Witr remain as 3 Rakah. These are the guidelines of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
  • Do not combine Salaah’s on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah. Only Shorten the Salah.
  • The best practice in Mina is to keep yourself busy with the remembrance of Allaah. Keep doing the Zikr of Allaah and read the Quran.
  • You spend the night in Mina outdoors underneath the sky. You feel that you are disassociating yourself from the worldly life. You also need to rest so you can prepare yourself for the big day which is the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah (Day of Arafah).

9th Dhul Hijjah

  • The day of Arafah is the most important day of the year and in your life. Do not sleep during this day.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said concerning this day that: “Hajj is all about Arafah”. The most important pillar of Hajj is that one needs to stand in the valley of Arafah on the day of Arafah.
  • Arafah is a large plain to the South East of Makkah
  • Pray the Fajr Salaah in the morning while you are still in Mina.
  • Muslim and others have reported from Aisha that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah frees far more people from Hellfire on the Day of Arafah than on any other day, and that Allaah comes closer this day and proudly says to the angels, ‘What do these people want and seek?’”
  • Abu Darda reports that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “On no other day does the Satan feel so belittled, humiliated, and angry as he does on the Day of Arafah.”
  • After Sunrise, it is Sunnah to leave for Arafah while uttering Takbir (Allaahu Akbar), Tahlil (La ilaha il lal lah), and Talbiyah (Labayk Allaahuma Labayk). As Mohammed bin Abi Bakr Al-Thaqafi said:

“I asked Anas bin Malik regarding Talbiyah, while we were on our way to Arafah from Mina, ‘How did you do it while you were with the Prophet (peace be upon him)?’ Anas answered, ‘Some (of us) said Talbiyah, while others said Takbir, and yet others repeated La ilaha il lal lah. And the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not disapprove of any of them.”’ (This is reported by Bukhari and others).

  • Proceed toward Arafah in a dignified manner and without harming your fellow pilgrims.
  • Stop at Namirah (this is a place near to Arafah but not forming part of it) and remain there until noon.
  • When the sun passes its zenith move to Uranah and settles there as it is next to Arafah. Here the Imam should give an appropriate Khutbah to the people.
  • You need to reach Arafah at the prescribed time. The prescribed time for arriving in Arafah is from Zawal to Fajr the next morning. The best time to reach Arafah is from before Noon (just before Zuhr) to Sunset. This is the time for standing at Arafah. If a pilgrim is in the Arafah valley or on the mount of Arafah during this time then they have fulfilled the mandatory act of being in Arafah on the day of Arafah.
  • When you get to Arafah, the imam delivers a sermon just slightly before the time of Zuhr. At Zuhr time the Mu’adhin will call the Athaan and then the Iqama will follow straight away as there is not enough time to pray the voluntary Salaah. You do not pray anything between Zuhr and Asr.
  • The imam will lead the Salaah and will pray Zuhr and Asr together at the time of Zuhr. Both Salaah’s will be Shortened to 2 Rakah. Each Salaah will have its own Iqama but only one Athaan for both.
If you are not able to pray along with the Imam, then you pray in the same way on your own or with those in similar situation around you.
  • Then you have the most precious and most important time in your life for making Dua. This is from the time after the Zuhr / Asr Salaah’s to Sunset.
  • After combining your Salaah. Go to Arafah and if able stand upon the rocks beneath the Mount of Mercy (Jabal ur-Rahmah) and if not then all of Arafah is place of standing.
  • Facing the Qiblah, raise your hands making Dua and reciting Talbiyah
  • Stand and recite as much 'La ilaha ilal laah' as it is the best Dua on the Day of Arafah as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)  said: The best thing that I and the Prophets have said on the evening of Arafah is:
    None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, without any partner, to Him belongs the sovereignty and praise and He is over all things omnipotent.
  • Make this Dua as much as possible on the day of Arafah as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that this is the best supplication which can made on the day of Arafah.
  • Do not waste time as this is the day you should be making Dua, Istighfar, Zikr.
  • Also read the following Dua which is permissible:

 

All good is the good of the Hereafter
  • And it is Sunnah for the one standing in Arafah not to fast that day. As the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that Arafah is the best day and fasting on the day of Arafah is so rewarding that Allaah will forgive your sins for past year and the year to come. But for the pilgrims it is recommended that they should not fast.  
  • The Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them all) wanted to verify to see whether the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was fasting on the day of Arafah or not so they sent him a cup of milk and he drank the milk. This made the Companions wander why the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) instructed them to fast on the day and he himself was not fasting. This is because you can eat and drink enough making you not feeling tired and so you will have strength so you can do more Ibadah – especially in the couple of hours before sunset.
  • And he/she remains in that state until the sun sets, remembering Allaah reciting Talbiyah, making Dua as he/she wishes - hoping from Allaah that He will make them one of those whom He boasts of (those whom He frees from Fire) to the Angels as occurs in the hadith: "There is no day on which Allaah frees more of His slaves from Fire than the Day of 'Arafah, and He verily draws near then boasts of them before the angles, saying: 'What do they seek?' ” and in another hadith: "Verily Allaah boasts of the people of Arafah before the people of heaven (the angels), saying: 'Look to my servants who have come to Me dishevelled and dusty.’s
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said that on this day, Allaah by himself will look at his servants and will then free them from the fire of hell and he will be proud of his servants in front of his angels saying to them what do you think those people came for. And Allaah knows best that these people came for Forgiveness and Allaah’s mercy. Which he will grant to whoever he wills to whom he wills.
  • When on the plains of Arafah it is also one of the best times to increase making the Talbiyah.
  • In Arafah one may sit down, lie down, sit in the car. The most important thing is that one should not waste this time
  • When this day is over you are like a new baby as your sins will be forgiven.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood close to the mount of Arafah on the stone and rocks there and said that I have stood here but the whole of Arafah is a place for standing at except the Wadi Ooroonah (a part of this Wadi occupies Masjid Namirah).
  • It is mandatory to wait in Arafah until sunset. If someone leave Arafah early and does not comes back before sunset then he/she has to sacrifice a sheep and distribute the meat to the poor as this violates the standing at Arafah.
  • The Hajj performed by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) involved the day of Arafah falling on a Friday and the Jumaah Khutbah was not offered on this day. The combination of Zuhr and Asr Salaah is sufficient and the Jumaah does not have to be offered.
  • Recommended acts for the Day of Arafah are:
    • One should have sincerity in their Dua and shed tears.
    • The pilgrim has to be in Arafah by them self.
    • It is recommended that the pilgrim takes a bath with the intention of making Ghusl for standing at Arafah as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to make Ghusl before going to Arafah.
    • Make as much Talbiyah as possible. The Companions used to say Talbiyah until they would lose their voice (may Allaah be pleased with them all).
    • Make Dua all the time until sunset. The time closer to sunset is the time when your Dua is most likely to be accepted. Don’t miss out on this time as you will miss out on Allaah’s forgiveness and mercy.
    • Face the Qiblah when making Dua.
    • It is good practice to alternate between Talbiyah, the remembrance of Allaah, supplicating for oneself, family, asking for forgiveness and Allaah mercy
    • Do not compete to climb the Arafah Mountain as you will hurt others which will affect your Hajj.
    • One must be calm, kind and tranquil.
  • After Sunset, the pilgrims proceed towards Muzdalifah. Upon their arrival to Muzdalifah, the pilgrims immediately pray the Maghrib and Isha Salaah’s (these are not prayed at Arafah). These are prayed combined together with the Salaah’s being shortened (Maghrib is 3 rakah and Isha is 2 rakah). There is 1 Athaan and 2 Iqama for these combined and shortened prayers.
  • The Pilgrim should not pray anything between the Salaah’s or after Isha.
  • Then he / she sleeps until Fajr.
Then when the time for Fajr appears the pilgrim prays Fajr in the first part of its time with Athaan and Iqama.
  • If you feel that on your way to Muzdalifah that you will not reach there in time for midnight. The stop at any place and pray Maghrib and Isha. Because not offering the Salaah will make it Qadha. The priority is to offer the Maghrib and Isha before Midnight.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would get the Muzdalifah and would offer his Salaah there. Try and pray in Jamaat.
  • One should be making as much supplication as possible to Allaah and Talbiyah.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encouraged that we be Sakina (quiet, dignified, tranquil) in our movement as the whole experience will be testing. One must be patient as millions of people are all heading the same way and one must be patient especially as one does not want to commit sins as you are like a new born baby after Arafah.
  • Muzdalifah is a huge plain of land that falls in the between Arafah and on the way to Mina. The night in Muzdalifah is a very special night.
  • After praying the 2 obligatory Rakah’s for Fajr Salaah. One should collect 7 pebbles that are the size of beans (slightly bigger than chickpeas) which will be thrown on the next day – the 10th day which is the Eid day (these will be thrown at Jamaraat Aqabah).
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in Muzdalifah would pray Maghrib and Isha together, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed Witr Salaah, then he rested till Fajr. He then woke up and prayed Fajr. Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would stand up and face the Qiblah, raising his hands and making Dua in which he would make Dua, Tawbah, Istighfar, Talbiyah, and Zikr until daylight (this is the Sunnah). Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would leave before the sun had risen and would go to Mina.
  • Whilst at Muzdalifah one should Supplicate, make Takbir and Talbiyah.
  • The whole of Muzdalifah is a place for standing (not only the Quzdha) as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood at the Quzdha and said the whole area of Muzdalifah is a place for standing except for a small place called Muhassar.
  • The minimum requirement for Muzdalifah is one should be there until just after midnight as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave leave to the women, ill and the children. Those people whom the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) excused to leave after midnight in Muzdalifah did not have to stay until Fajr. They left Muzdalifah early so they could arrive at Mina before others so they were able to throw the 7 pebbles at the Jamaraat Aqabah more easily.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) advised Ibn Abbas to collect 7 pebbles for the Eid day so that he could throw them at the Jamaraat Aqabah. If you want to collect some extra pebbles then it is valid in case you lose of drop some but you should try and busy yourselves with supplication whilst in Muzdalifah.
  • In Muzdalifah, pick up only 7 pebbles to throw at the Pillar (Jamaraat) of Aqabah. The remaining pebbles can be picked up at Mina. There is no harm even if the 7 pebbles to be thrown at the stone pillar of Aqabah are also picked up at Mina.

10th to 13th Dhul Hijjah

    • After praying the Fajr Salaah and making Dua and leaving just before sunrise, the pilgrim heads to Mina so that they can stone the Jamaraat Aqabah (full name: Jamaraat Aqabah ul Kubarah). This is the Jamaraat which is closest to Makkah and furthest away from Mina), i.e. the 3rd one towards Makkah.
    • The Technique for throwing the pebbles is to raise the right hand and throw the pebbles one after the other. You throw all 7 in a row and say Allaahu Akbar with each throw. You throw pebbles at Jamaraat Aqabah. Don’t curse and don’t throw big stones or slippers, etc.
    • When you get to Jamaraat Aqabah you stop saying the Talbiyah (Labayk). The Talbiyah for Hajj starts on the 8th Dhul Hijjah until the stoning of the Jamaraat on the 10th Dhul Hijjah.
    • If you feel that one of your throws did not go into the Basin then throw again. If you forget the number you have thrown then you go to the lower number.
    • When Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was completing the Hajj, the Satan appeared before him and tried to hinder him and obstruct him from completing the ceremonies of Hajj. Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) picked up 7 pebbles and threw them at the Satan and the Satan disappeared. When Satan appeared again Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) threw at the Satan again. Ibrahim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) repeated this process again 2 times (this happened 3 times in total).
    • When throwing the pebbles, one must have the top garment of the Ihram on and the shoulders should be covered.
    • One should get very close to the Jamaraat so one knows that the pebbles fall in the Basin. It is a misconception that you must hit the pillar which is wrong as it is sufficient that the pebble falls into the Basin.
    • The ideal time for throwing the pebbles on the Eid day for the regular people (i.e. those who prayed Fajr in Muzdalifah) is between sunrise and sunset. You can also throw after sunset through to the night if there are large crowds and you are unable to throw the pebbles between the desired time (i.e between sunrise and sunset). There is no blame on those who throw from after sunset.
    • The activities of the 10th day – day of Eid are as follows in order (this order is from the Sunnah). If you are overcome by necessities then there is no blame on you if you move away from this order:
  • Throwing the 7 pebbles at Jamaraat Aqabah in Mina (don’t throw more than 7 - against Sunnah)
  • Then slaughtering the sacrifice (Haji) which is a mandatory act for the pilgrims for Hajj Tamattu and Hajj Qiran. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) slaughtered 63 camels himself on this day. It is permissible to have others sacrifice on your behalf (this is what Hajj groups do). The sacrifices can be sheep, goat, cow (7 people can have a share in this), camel (7 people can have a share in this). The normal rules of sacrificing an animal apply here. It is recommended to eat from this sacrifice.
  • Then shave the hair or trim for men (shaving is recommended for men). For the women they need to cut the length of a fingertip from their hair. The recommended acts whilst shaving is that you sit and face the Qiblah. And the barber shaves the right side of the head first then the left side of the head. Whilst having your hair removed you should be making the Eid Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, La ila ha ilal la, Walahu Akbar Allaah hu Akbar wa lilah il Hamd).
  • After these activities you are in a state in Tahallul (the act of leaving the state of Ihraam and returning to one’s normal state) – this means that you have exited the Ihram but actually have not completely exited the Ihram (i.e. you can do all the restrictions of Ihram such you can take change clothes, have bath, etc – but you are not allowed to have marital relations) – to completely exit the Ihram you need to do the Tawwaf Al Ifadah which is the main Tawwaf of the Hajj.
  • Make your way to Makkah and complete the Tawaf Al Ifadah and Sa’ee. Pilgrims completing the Hajj Tamattu will also need to perform the Sa’ee (because the Tawwaf and Sa’ee of Hajj are totally separate from the Umrah). Pilgrims of Hajj Qiran only have to do Tawwaf and don’t have to do Sa’ee (because you are still in the state in Ihram). 
  • More details about Tawwaf Al Ifadah include: you don’t have to uncover the right shoulder (this is only done for Tawwaf al Qudoom or the Arrival Tawwaf), You go to the Corner with the Black Stone and recite Takbir (Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, La ila ha ilal la, Walahu Akbar Allaah hu Akbar wa lilah il Hamd), Zikr, Quran, Supplications and make Dua until you reach the Yemani Corner. In between the Yemani Corner and the Black Stone recite Rabanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatah, wa fil-Aakhirati hasanah, wa qinaa ‘athaab an-Naar. If you can touch the Black Stone you touch it otherwise you point to it with your hand and you say ‘Bismillah Allaahu Akbar’. You make 7 complete rounds. You then make the 2 Sunnah Rakah (it will be difficult to offer this Salaah behind the station of Ibrahim because of the congestion) so you may need to offer it anyway in the masjid. You then drink the Zam Zam water.
  • Then you proceed to Sa’ee (people of Hajj Qiran don’t have to do Sa’ee because they have not exited the state of Ihram as they did an Umrah combined with their Hajj. During Sa’ee you don’t do al Idtibah (which is covering the right shoulder) – this applies to any Sa’ee – you should be fully covered in the Ihram.
  • After completing the above (throwing pebbles, sacrifice, shaving hair, Tawwaf, Sa’ee) you need to spend the proceeding nights of the Days of Tashreek in Mina (this is a Mandatory act or Wajib act). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would make his Tawwaf and Sa’ee and would immediately head to Mina where he stayed there and spent the entire night and days there.
  • If you are aiming to do the Tawwaf and Sa’ee on the 10th day then you will get hit with commotion because everybody is trying to follow the Sunnah. The rule is that you need to spend most of the night (i.e. at least half of the night) in Mina and if you do arrive after sunset then there is no blame on you as long as you spend half the night in Mina (you don’t have to offer a ransom as long as you were trying then there is no blame on you). It is mandatory that you spent most of the night in Mina.
  • The Tawwaf al Ifadah is one of the essential rites of the Hajj.
    • In Mina, you shorten the Salaah’s but you pray them at their allocated times – this applies to the other Tashreek Days (11th, 12th, 13th) -  Allaah has referred to these 3 days in the Quran saying that remember Allaah in a certain number of days. Remember Allaah by making Takbeer, Tahlil. Your Salaah’s are shortened but are prayed at their stated times – pray these in Jamaat.
    • Whilst on these Tashreek days you hit the small Jamaraat (full name: As-Soorah) first, then the middle Jamaraat (full name: Al-Woosta), big Jamaraat (full name: al- Kubarah) in this order. The little Jamaraat is closer to Masjid Al-Kheef and this one is thrown at first. Throw 7 pebbles at the small Jamaraat and say Allaahu Akbar with every throw. Make sure the pebbles fall into the Basin. You are restricted to pick up pebbles from the Basin but you are allowed to pick up pebbles from the area around the Jamaraat.
    • After stoning each of the first and the second pillars, pause for a while and ask Allaah whatever you wish while facing the Qiblah and raising your hands. However, do not pause to supplicate after stoning the third Jamaraat.
    • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stayed the complete course (i.e. all 3 days and threw pebbles on all the 3 days). But you are allowed to stay for 2 days and then leave before sunset on the 2nd day but it is recommended to stay for the entire 3 days.
    • The ideal time for throwing the pebbles at the Jamaraat is different on the days of Tashreek (11th,12th,13th) than it is to throwing them on the Eid day. The ideal time for throwing on the days of Tashreek are : from Zuhr to Sunset as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) waited until Zuhr time to throw the pebbles. There is no sin on you if you have to throw after sunset into the night.
    • If you choose to leave on the 2nd day, it is permissible but the condition is that you need to leave Mina before Sunset on the 2nd day (i.e. before the night starts on the 3rd day).
  • If one has to sacrifice for expiation, then the pilgrim must not eat from this sacrifice.
  • Tawwaf Al Widaa is the last activity one does before departing Makkah (i.e to go home, Madinah, etc). Widaa means farewell and this needs to be done to the ancient house.
  • Tawwaf Al Widaa is Mandatory (Wajib). If one does not do it then one has to offer a ransom of an animal. This Tawwaf is not a pillar of Hajj.
  • Women in their menses are exempt from doing the Tawwaf al Widaa as long as she has done the Tawwaf al Ifadah. No ransom needs to be paid.
  • Some people after performing the Tawwaf Al Widaa then leave backwards – this is an innovation
  • This Tawwaf is the last act you do before leaving Makkah – this should be the final act that you do.

Tawwaf al Widaa and Tawwaf al Ifadah – the pilgrims are not in their Ihram clothing

Dua for Slaughtering

  • When Slaughtering one should say:

In the name of Allaah and Allaah is greater. O Allaah this is from You and for You. O Allaah accept it from me.

Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

  • Going to Madinah at any time of year with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s Masjid and performing Salaah there is a Sunnah.
  • One Salaah performed in the Prophet’s Masjid is better than a thousand in any other masjid, except the Sacred Masjid (Masjid al-Haram) in Makkah which is 100,000 thousand better.
  • The visit to the Prophet’s mosque has nothing to do with Hajj or Umrah.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that we are only allowed to visit 3 mosques for the purpose of praying in them (Masjid Al Haram, Masjid Nabawi, Masjid Al Aqsa).
  • Allaah says in the Quran that one should beautify oneself before entering any masjid.
  • Try and read as much Quran in Masjid Al Haram and Masjid Nabawi.
  • The Prophet was buried in his house and not in the mosque. When the Umayyad’s expanded the mosque the room in which the prophet was buried became part of the mosque.
  • When you enter the mosque you enter the mosque with your right foot and you say the Dua for entering the mosque.
  • You then pray the 2 rakah Tahiyatul masjid Salaah. Try and pray these in the Ar-Rawda. The Ar-Rawda is the section between the house of the Prophet and his Pulpit (Mimbar) and is a garden of the gardens of paradise. Pray 2 rakah here and give others a chance to pray as well.
  • Then proceed to the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) grave and say:

السَلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيَّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُه
“Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the Mercy and Blessings of Allaah.”

  • And then say the Salaat an-Nabi (i.e. asking Allaah’s blessings on the Prophet):

اللّهُـمَّ صَلِّ عَلـى مُحمَّـد، وَعَلـى آلِ مُحمَّد، كَمـا صَلَّيـتَ عَلـى إبْراهـيمَ وَعَلـى آلِ إبْراهـيم، إِنَّكَ حَمـيدٌ مَجـيد ، اللّهُـمَّ بارِكْ عَلـى مُحمَّـد، وَعَلـى آلِ مُحمَّـد،  كَمـا بارِكْتَ عَلـى إبْراهـيمَ وَعَلـى آلِ إبْراهيم، إِنَّكَ حَمـيدٌ مَجـيد
“O Allaah, send prayers upon Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Ibrahim and upon the followers of Ibrahim. Verily, You are full of praise and majesty. O Allaah, send blessings upon Mohammad and upon the family of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon Ibrahim and upon the family of Ibrahim.  Verily, You are full of praise and majesty.” [Bukhari]

  • There is no harm if you add the following:

اللَّهمَّ آتِهِ الْوَسِيْلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ الْمَقَامَ الْمَحْمُودَ الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ. أَللَّهُمَّ اجْزِهِ عَنْ أُمَّتِهِ أَفْضَلَ الْجَزَاءِ
“O Allaah! Give him the station of waseelah (special nearness to Allaah, or intercession) and the favour, and raise him to the praiseworthy station that You promised him. O Allaah! Reward him on behalf of his Ummah (Nation) with the best of rewards.’

  • Step to the right to the grave of  Abu Bakr (May Allaah be pleased with him) and greet him by saying:

       “Peace be on you, O Abu Bakr”
    (Or you can read: Assalamu alaikum ya Khaleefa tal Mumineen)
 


  • Ask Allaah to send his mercy, forgiveness, blessings and pleasure onto Abu Bakr (May Allaah be pleased with him).
  • Then step further right to the grave of Umar (May Allaah be pleased with him) and greet him by saying:  “Peace be on you, O Umar”
    (Or you can read: Assalamu alaikum ya Ameerul Mumineen)
  • Ask Allaah to send his mercy, forgiveness, blessings and pleasure onto Umar (May Allaah be pleased with him).
  • Greet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions peacefully and quietly.
  • After greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions (May Allaah be pleased with them both) you can made Dua. If you are going to do Dua or make supplications then one needs to face the Qiblah. Dua is made to only Allaah.
  • Al Baqee is near to the Prophets (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) mosque. The Mothers of the Believers and Companions such as Uthman (May Allaah be pleased with them all) are buried there. You should read the greeting for entering the Cemetery if you visit there. You can’t call out to the dead.
  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to visit all these graves to pray for those buried there. He taught his companions when visiting graves to say:
    السَلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الدِّيَارِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِنَّا إِنْ شَآءَ اللهُ بِكُمْ لاَحِقُونَ. نَسْأَلُ اللهَ لَنَا وَلَكُمُ الْعَافِيَة . “Peace be on you, O dwellers of this place from among the believers and the Muslims, and by the will of Allaah we will certainly join you. We ask Allaah ‘aafiyah (security from the fire of Hell and from all tribulations) for ourselves and for you.”
  • It is recommended to that one should visit Masjid Quba (this is mentioned in the Quran – Allaah says that a Masjid that is established on righteousness from the first day is more worthy to pray in). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that whoever performs perfect Wudu and offers 2 rakah in Masjid Quba would get the reward of an Umrah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would visit Masjid Quba often (even sometimes once a week).
  • There is also the battle of Uhud setting. This includes 70 of the graves of the martyrs from the Battle of Uhud including the Uncle of the Prophet, Hamza (May Allaah be pleased with Him) whom is the leader of the martyrs.
When you get to the Uhud setting. You say the Dua for entering the cemetery.

 

This topic done by Zakir.

Download the above Umrah and Hajj Guide pdf

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